グローバル教養科目（Poverty and Famines: Perspectives from Psychology, Economics, History, and Philosophy）
Poverty and Famines: Perspectives from Psychology, Economics, History, and Philosophy
【It is highly likely that the grades for the Intensive Courses conducted outside the regular class period will not be counted in graduation or other requirements due to the schedules. Please carefully note this when registering for these courses.】
【Please note that you are assessed on a five-level scale of A+, A, B, C, or F/Fail in this course.】
Classical approaches in economics suggest that poverty and famines are not a ‘problem’—that is, something that should be targeted by some form of intervention or prevention. This intensive course will be guided by the contrary assumption that poverty and famines are a problem. On this assumption, there is a practical motivation for a better understanding of underlying factors for poverty and famines. Major themes will be the following questions: (1) Identifying poverty: How to identify cases of poverty in terms that are both agreeable and may guide action effectively? (2) Measuring poverty: How to aggregate different presumable dimensions of poverty in the form of one measure? (3) Explaining poverty and famines: What factors or mechanisms may be causally responsible for the emergence of poverty or for famines? The profile of this course is meant to be inclusive and open to various perspectives from social sciences. The course will also make fair room for zooming into concrete cases, especially some major famines in recent history, such as the Bengal famine in 1943.