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Social and Cultural Diversity

Cultural Negotiations: Receptions and Encounters of the West (East) in the East (West)
This course aims to explore theories and various cases of cultural encounters, receptions, and negotiations, in particular those between Japan (and the East) and the West in the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. After the opening of the country to foreign powers and the collapse of the feudal Tokugawa government, Japan went through rapid modernization and industrialization, assimilating Western art, culture, political and economic ideas, and industrial technology at breakneck speed. All this process caused serious and intense conflicts with Japanese indigenous culture, and yet it also proved to be a productive experience in some respects. It facilitated a process of civilisation, social mobilisation, enlightenment, and political and economical and social reform in an unprecedented scale. The categorical division of the East and the West is arguably naïve and simplistic. The course is designed to examine the way in which past scholarships have contextualized and formulated the status and position of Western powers in relation to colonies and Asian countries from the eighteenth century onwards.
The course begins with reviewing critical terms and concepts with which scholars have used to describe and analyse conflicts and negotiations between different cultures, such as acculturation, translation, contact zone, and hybridity. Several classes will be spared for case studies in which each of important concepts and methods has been applied to examine the state of cultural negotiations.
In the latter half, we are going to examine some examples of cultural negotiations, including art, literature, architecture, travelling, politics, and religion, during the period of 1860-1945 in Japan. Japan, which became accessible from abroad in the mid-19th century, received inconsiderable influence from Europe and U.S. On the other hand, it also made significant impact upon the West, both culturally and politically, when its art and culture were introduced to America and European countries and also when its modernised naval and military capacity was demonstrated through Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars. Western art was reformed and the whole international relations were reorganized. As an Asian imperial power, Japan began to take an aggressive diplomatic and military policy in the East Asian region. All these further accelerated cross-cultural experiences — different cultures came into contact, negotiated with each other, and often created frictions, before they merged and reorganised themselves into something new.
As a core course, it takes a basic and broad approach to each subject, providing case studies for students to explore and examine from their own viewpoints.
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時間割/共通科目コード
コース名
教員
学期
時限
31M350-0024S
Social and Cultural Diversity
大石 和欣
S1 S2
金曜2限
マイリストに追加
マイリストから削除
教室
駒場8号館 8-113
講義使用言語
英語
単位
2
実務経験のある教員による授業科目
NO
他学部履修
開講所属
総合文化研究科
授業計画
This course will be conducted online from the 1st week, but the first two weeks will be general introduction and guidance. The lecture schedule is roughly as below. There is a possibility of modifying assignment texts (Any changes will be notified in the first class of the course in April. Week 1 “Cultural Diversity or Cultural Hybridity?” Text: Peter Burke, Cultural Hybridity (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2009), pp. 34-65. Week 2 “The Clash of Civilizations” Text: Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996) Edward Said, Culture and Imperialism (New York: Vintage, 1993) Week 3 "Travelogues and the Contact Zone” Text: Mary Louise Pratt, Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation (London: Routledge, 1992) Nigel Leask, British Romantic Writers and the East: Anxieties of Empire, 1992 Week 4 “Orientalism and Occidentalism”  Text: Edward Said, Orientalism (New York: Vintage, 1978) MacKenzie, John. Orientalism: History, Theory and the Arts (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995) Week 5 “Consumerism in the Age of Globalization” Text: Maxine Berg, Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Frank Trentmann, ‘After the Nation-State: Citizenship Empire and Global Coordination in the New Internationalism, 1914-1930’, Kevin Grant, Philippa Levine and Frank Trentmann (eds.), Beyond Sovereignty: Britain, Empire and Transnationalism, c. 1880-1950 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2007), pp.34-53. [Report I] Week 6 Translation Theories and the Experience of the Foreign Text: Umberto Eco, Experiences in Translation, trans. Alastair McEwen (Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2001) Antoine Berman, The Experience of the Foreign: Culture and Translation in Romantic Germany (1984; Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1992). Donald Keen, ‘The Age of Translation’ in Dawn to the West: Japanese Literature in the Modern Era; Fiction, pp. 55-75. Week 7 Individual tutorials on your reports Week 8 Cosmopolitanism Text: Anthony Appiah, Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers (London: Penguin, 2007) Week 9 The Other in Modern Japanese Literature Text: Rachael Hutchinson and Mark Williams (eds.), Representing the Other in Modern Japanese Literature (London: Routledge, 2007), pp.1-9, pp.57-74, 75-95. Week 10 "Lafcadio Hearn and the Aesthetics of the Ghostly”  Text: Sukehiro Hirakawa, “Return to Japan or Return to the West?: Hearn’s ‘A Conservative.’” Sukehiro Hirakawa (ed.), Lafcadio Hearn in International Perspectives (Folkestone: Global Oriental, 2007). Week 11 “Modernity in Japan” Text: Harry Harootunian, Overcome by Modernity: History, Culture, and Community in Interwar Japan (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000) Text: Ai Maeda, Text and the City: Essays on Japanese Modernity (Durham: Duke University Press, 2004). Week 12 (4 July) “The Politics of Folk Art in Imperial Japan”  Text: Kim Brandt, Kingdom of Beauty: Mingei and the Politics of Folk Art in Imperial Japan (Durham: Duke University Press, 2007) Week 13 (11 July) “East versus West during the Second World War” Text: Kevin Michael Doak, Dreams of Difference: The Japan Romantic School and the Crisis of Modernity (Berkeley: University of California Pres, 1994) Ben-Ami Shillony, Politics and Culture in Wartime Japan (Oxford: Clarendon, 1981) [Report II ]
授業の方法
Each series of seminars consists of a talk by the lecturer, a student’s presentation, and discussions. Before each seminar, students are expected to read assignments (articles or book extracts of approximately 30 pages) in advance and send comments of 500 words to the lecturer by 5pm a day before the class. Email: ***** In each seminar, the lecturer talks about a wider range of issues on the week’s theme for about forty minutes, so that students will have a clearer and wider perspective upon the assignment which they have studied in advance. After the talk, one assigned student gives a 10 minute paper on the assignment he/she studied. This is followed by questions and discussions. Students’ comments submitted in advance will be reviewed and relevant comments will be extracted and passed around to facilitate discussion. During the semester, students are expected to submit a term report, which should be roughly 3000 words, including notes, but excluding works cited. The deadline is 17 July.
成績評価方法
Weekly attendance and essays 40%, Presentation 30 %, Reports (3000 words) 30%
教科書
Provided by the lecturer every week.
参考書
To be noticed in each class.
履修上の注意
Please note this course is all conducted in English and online. If you'd like to take this course, please contact the lecturer via email (*****), and you will receive a Zoom URL for the course and an access to reading resources in Dropbox. Please see also ITC-LMS for reading materials for the first two weeks. https://itc-lms.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/*****