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最終更新日:2022年4月21日

地域文化研究特殊研究VI

The history of free speech: Telling truth to power in premodern Europe
In this course students will study the history of free speech in premodern Europe. Although freedom of speech was then not a civil right, vocal criticism of power in European towns was widespread. For example, the new technology of the printing press amplified the impact of notions related to free speech to a wide and partly new audience – as does social media today. Students will examine the mentality – the ‘characteristic ways of thinking, feeling, imagining and acting’ – behind this pervasive practice of telling someone’s ‘truth’ to power by discussing current studies on free speech and by analysing truth-tellers in contemporary textual sources (translated into Modern English). They will gain insight into the conceptualization and social acceptability of freedom of speech before the Modern age. The course calls for a rethinking of the popular notion that free speech can only exist among citizens in (Early) Modern, liberal, democratic societies ‘where people learned to think and speak for themselves’. Moreover, it will contribute to current discussions about the impact of new technologies on concepts related to free speech in our modern world.
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時間割/共通科目コード
コース名
教員
学期
時限
31D220-1384S
地域文化研究特殊研究VI
VELDHUIZEN Martine
S1 S2
集中
マイリストに追加
マイリストから削除
教室
講義使用言語
英語
単位
2
実務経験のある教員による授業科目
NO
他学部履修
開講所属
総合文化研究科
授業計画
Course Contents: The history of free speech before the Modern age, culture of subversion in late medieval towns, the concept of truth-tellers (Foucault), free speech as part of rhetorical theory, new technologies and free speech: circulation of ideas before and after the invention of the printing press, the limits of free speech, relevance of reflecting on the history of free speech, insults and blasphemy Goals: In this course, students: 1.gain a general understanding of historical developments in the conceptualisation of free speech in textual media in premodern Europe; 2.gain insight in current methodological and theoretical debates in (cultural) history concerning the history of free speech (i.e. discern key questions and ideas, academic and social relevance, primary sources, methods in course readings) 3.train their research skills (describe, analyse, assess and evaluate primary and secondary sources, pose critical questions, read and write effectively et cetera); 4.describe the basic components of modern concept of ‘truth-telling’ (Michel Foucault) and reflect critically on it in relation to their own disciplinary background (multidisciplinary approach); 5.collaborate productively and communicate constructively with their academic peers and teachers, develop explanation skills. At the end of each session, students are able to describe, analyse, asses and evaluate central elements in the course readings through the lens of the history of free speech (key questions and ideas, academic and social relevance, primary sources (in translation) and methods); especially in order to write a position paper (see assignment below). Assignment term glossary (https://www.oakwooddubai.ae/*****) Describe: Provide simple description. Analyse: Finds out the parts of something e.g. its elements; structure; process. An analysis infers the meaning or purpose of something; it makes an interpretation Assess:To carefully consider a situation, person or problem in order to make a judgement. Evaluate: Decides the value of something e.g. tells you if something is good or bad; useful or not useful; valid or invalid. An evaluation makes a judgement about the quality of something, such as an argument or decision.
授業の方法
The course will be taught in five three hour sessions: each session will consist of a 75 minute interactive lecture; a short break for students to formulate questions; and a 90 minute discussion based on the questions students pose to the course leader and the group.
成績評価方法
40% seminar participation; 60% short essay analysing an aspect of medieval free speech. Write a position paper, i.e. an argued and critical essay about the history of free speech in premodern Europe in relation to our day and age. Take one (or several) statement(s) made by scholars discussed in class to complement, criticize and/or make your argument. Use and cite at least one additional article you found on the theme and refer to specific theoretical insights gained during the course. The essay can be up to 2000 words (excl. quotations and references, plus: it is acceptable to be 10 percent above or below word limit). The following assessment rubric will be used: https://eng.ucmerced.edu/***** Detailed criteria concerning ‘content and development’: •quality of the synthesis of the information at the level of (describe); •ability to make links between the topics and materials discussed during the sessions (analyse); •ability to critically reflect the strengths and potential weaknesses of the articles discussed, in comparison with other articles discussed on similar subjects during the classes (asses and evaluate); •ability to articulate your analysis in a structured argument, with relevant quotations and precise examples.
教科書
ka
参考書
•Colclough, David, Freedom of Speech in Early Stuart England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005. •Copeland, Rita, Criticism and Dissent in the Middle Ages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1996. •Davis, Richard W. (ed.), The Origins of Modern Freedom in the West. Stanford University Press 1995. •Dumolyn, Jan and Jelle Haemers, ‘‘A Bad Chicken was brooding.’ Subversive speech in late Medieval Flanders’. In: Past and Present 214 (2012), pp. 45-86. •Foucault, Michel, Le gouvernement de soi et des autres. Cours au Collège de France (1982-1983). [Translation in modern English] •Foucault, Michel, Le courage de la vérité. Le gouvernement de soi et des autres II: cours au Collège de France (1983-1984). [Translation in modern English] •Friedman, Ian C., Freedom of Speech and the Press. New York: Facts on File, Inc. 2009. Joseph, John E., ‘Historical Perspectives on Language and Identity’. In: Sian Preece (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Language and Identity. London: Routledge 2016. •Liddy, Christian, “Sire ye be not king’: Citizenship and Speech in Late Medieval and Early Modern England’, The Historical Journal 60 (2017). •Peter Matheson, ‘Breaking the Silence: Women, Censorship, and the Reformation’, The Sixteenth Century Journal 27 (1996), pp. 97-109 •Van Renswoude, Irene, The rhetoric of free speech in late antiquity and the early middle ages, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2019. •Veldhuizen, Martine Veldhuizen, The Sins of the tongue in the Medieval West. Middle Dutch notions of sinful, unethical and criminal words 1300-1550, Turnhout: Brepols 2017. •Veldhuizen, Martine (in Dutch, use translation option of subtitles): video on the YouTube channel of Utrecht University created by Martine on truth-tellers in late medieval narratives, ‘Episode 7: what is the history of free speech? Speaking truth to power,’ https://www.uu.nl/***** - 6,58 minutes. •Wood, Andy, W., ‘The Queen is “a Goggyll Eyed Hoore”: Gender and seditious speech in early modern England', in Nicholas Tyacke (ed.), The English Revolution, c. 1590-1720: Politics, Religion and Communities. Manchester: Manchester University Press 2007, pp. 81-94.
履修上の注意
There are no formal pre-requisites for this course: some knowledge of late medieval Europe might be useful. Intensive course from the 26th September to the 30th September 2022. Hours: 9:30 to around 15:00.
その他
Intensive course from the 26th September to the 30th September 2022. Hours: 9:30 to around 15:00. 2022年9月26日から9月30日までの集中講義の予定ですが、コロナ感染症の状況によっては、変更もありえます。UTASをチェックしてください。