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2018年度 公共政策学教育部 5123400 Economic Analysis of Innovation 鎗目 雅
横断型

This course discusses the functions and mechanisms of innovation systems and the economic assessment of their impacts, with implications for industrial structure and dynamics and societal challenges. A particular attention is paid to corporate strategy, public policy, and institutional design. Among the issues to be discussed in this course include models of technological change, systems approaches to innovation, research and development, intellectual property rights, university-industry collaboration, public policy for innovation, and case studies in various sectors. The processes of producing, adopting, and utilizing innovations are elaborated from a perspective of co-evolution of technology and institutions. Analysis of economic evolution is introduced, and its concepts and methodologies are elaborated to represent and model the dynamics of innovations. Systemic approaches are taken to discuss the functions and structure of innovations at the national as well as industrial levels. These theoretical frameworks introduced in the first half of the course are utilized to understand the mechanisms of creating innovations on various types of societal issues, including food, energy, chemicals, information and communication, and health. Implications for public policy and institutional design are explored for a transition towards global sustainability.

2018 Public Policy 5123400 Economic Analysis of Innovation YARIME, Masaru
University-wide

共通科目コード Common Course Code GPP-MP6E20L3
開講学期 Semester S1S2
開講時限 Period
集中 Intensive 
単位数 Credits 2
学年 Academic Year M1 M2 P1 P2
他学部聴講 Open to other faculties 可 YES
授業使用言語 Language in Lecture 英語 English
授業計画 Schedule 1. Introduction 2. The Nature and Importance of Innovation 3. The Nature and Role of Intellectual Property 4. The Measurement of Innovation, Productivity, and Growth 5. The National Innovation System 6. Innovative Firms and Markets 7. Intellectual Property Rights and Firms 8. Diffusion and Social Returns 9. Models of Economic Growth 10. Innovation and Globalization 11. Technology, Wages, and Jobs 12. Microeconomic Policies to Promote Firm-Level Innovation 13. Macroeconomic Issues and Policy 14. Innovation for Societal Challenges 15. Summary and Future Challenges
授業の方法 Teaching Methods Lectures and class discussions
成績評価方法 Method of Evaluation Class Participation: 20% Mid-term Paper: 30% Final Paper: 50%
教科書 Required Textbook
Greenhalgh, Christine, and Mark Rogers, Innovation, Intellectual Property, and Economic Growth, Princeton: Princeton University Press (2010). Hall, Bronwyn H., and Nathan Rosenberg, eds., Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, Volume 1 and Volume 2, Amsterdam: Elsevier (2010).
参考書 Reference Books ■Ruttan, Vernon W., Technology, Growth, and Development: An Induced Innovation Perspective, New York: Oxford University Press (2001).■Abramovitz, M. “Catching Up, Forging Ahead and Falling Behind,” Journal of Economic History, 46, 385-406 (1986).■Nelson, Richard R., "Recent evolutionary theorizing about economic change", Journal of Economic Literature, 33 (1), 48-90 (1995).■Breschi, S., Malerba, F. and Orsenigo, L., 2000, "Technological regimes and Schumpeterian patterns of innovation", Economic Journal, 110 (463), 388-410 (2000). ■David, Paul, "Clio and the economics of QWERTY", American Economic Review, 75 (2), 332-337 (1985).■Dosi, Giovanni, "Sources, Procedures, and microeconomic effects of innovation", Journal of Economic Literature, XXVI, 1120-1171 (1998).■Utterback, J., and Suarez, F., "Innovation, competition and market structure", Research Policy, 22 (1), 1-21 (1993).■Heller, Michael A., and Rebecca S. Eisenberg, “Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research,” Science, 280 (1 May), 698-701 (1998).■Gallini, Nancy T., “The Economics of Patents: Lessons from Recent U.S. Patent Reform,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16 (2), 131-154 (2002).■Forero-Pineda, Clemente, “The Impact of Stronger Intellectual Property Rights on Science and Technology in Developing Countries,” Research Policy, 35, 808-824 (2006).■Fagerberg, Jan, and Srholec, Martin, 2008, "National Innovation systems, capabilities and economic development", Research Policy, 37, 1417-1435 (2008).■Malerba, Franco, "Sectoral systems of innovation and production, Research Policy, 31, 247-264 (2002).■Mowery, David C., Nelson, Richard R., Sampat, Bhaven N., Ziedonis, Arvis A., "The Growth of Patenting and Licensing by U.S. Universities: An Assessment of the Effects of the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980," Research Policy, 30, 99-119 (2001).■Martin, Ben R., “Are universities and university research under threat? Towards an evolutionary model of university speciation,” Cambridge Journal of Economics, 36 (3), 543-565 (2012).■Baba, Yasunori, Masaru Yarime, and Naohiro Shichijo, "Sources of Success in Advanced Materials Innovation: The Role of 'Core Researchers' in University-Industry Collaboration in Japan," International Journal of Innovation Management, 14 (2), 201-219 (2010).■Martin, J. M., “Energy Technologies: Systemic Aspects, Technological Trajectories, and Institutional Frameworks,” Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 53, 81-95 (1996).■Yarime, Masaru, "Public Coordination for Escaping from Technological Lock-in: Its Possibilities and Limits in Replacing Diesel Vehicles with Compressed Natural Gas Vehicles in Tokyo," Journal of Cleaner Production, 17 (14), 1281-1288 (2009).■Achilladelis, Basil, Schwarzkopf, Albert, and Cines, Martin, “The Dynamics of Technological Innovation: The Case of the Chemical Industry,” Research Policy, 19, 1-34 (1990).■Arora, Ashish, “Patents, Licensing, and Market Structure in the Chemical Industry,” Research Policy, 26, 391-403 (1997).■Yarime, Masaru, “Promoting Green Innovation or Prolonging the Existing Technology: Effects of Environmental Regulation on Technological Change in the Chlor-Alkali Industry in Japan and Western Europe,” Journal of Industrial Ecology, 11 (4), 117-139 (2007).■David, Paul A., “The Dynamo and the Computer: An Historical Perspective on the Modern Productivity Paradox,” American Economic Review, 80, 355-361 (1990).■Storz C., "Dynamics in innovation systems: evidence from Japan's game software industry", Research Policy, 37, 1480-1491 (2008).■Cockburn, Iain M., “Is the pharmaceutical industry in a productivity crisis?” Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 7, 1-32 (2006).■Philippe Aghion, Paul A. David, and Dominique Foray, “Science, technology and innovation for economic growth: Linking policy research and practice in ‘STIG Systems’,” Research Policy, 38, 681-693 (2009).■Porter, Michael, and Claas van der Linde, “Toward a New Conception of the Environment-Compet
履修上の注意 Notes on Taking the Course -
大学院横断型教育プログラム
University-wide Graduate Education Program
科学技術イノベーション政策の科学教育プログラム Science, Technology and Innovation Governance Education Program

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