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Codesort Course Titlesort Lecturersort Semestersort Week/Periodsort
0520022
FSC-AS4122L1
宇宙論
Cosmology
戸谷 友則
TOTANI, Tomonori
A1A2 木曜3限
Thu 3rd

約137億年前に超高温の火の玉として宇宙が誕生し、現在まで膨張を続けているとするビッグバン宇宙論は、宇宙全体の進化や成り立ちを考える宇宙論の標準理論として確立している。本講義では、ビッグバン宇宙論の基礎となる、一般相対性理論に基づく膨張宇宙の記述と標準宇宙モデルを解説し、宇宙初期の素粒子的世界から、天体形成を経て今日の豊かな階層構造を持つ宇宙へと進化する歴史を概観し、それらの観測的根拠を説明する。ダークマターやダークエネルギーなどの最前線の話題などにも触れる。

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 理学部1号館中央棟 1042 Faculty of Science Bldg.1 (center) 1042
講義使用言語 Language:日本語 Japanese
35604-1013
理論天文学特別講義III
Theoretical Astronomy, Advanced Course III

A1A2 集中
Intensive 
"宇宙論と構造形成 Cosmology and Structure Formation in the Universe"

"一般相対論に基づいた現代宇宙論の基礎について学ぶとともに、現在の標準宇宙論モデルが物理学と天文観測データに基づいてどのように確立されて来たかについて、理解を深める。主に以下のテーマについて学習する: フリードマン宇宙モデル、ビッグバン宇宙理論、宇宙の熱史、宇宙論的摂動論、非線形構造形成、銀河クラスタリング、宇宙論的数値シミュレーションと構造形成、高赤方偏移宇宙、ダークマターなど。 The students will learn the basics of modern cosmology that is based on the general relativity theory. The students will deepen their understanding of how the current concordance cosmological model was established by the physical theories and astronomical observations, through discussions on the following topics: Friedmann models, Big Bang universe, thermal history of the Universe, cosmological perturbation theory, nonlinear structure formation, galaxy clustering, cosmological simulations, high-redshift universe, dark matter, etc. "

単位 Credit:1
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 理学部1号館中央棟 1043 Faculty of Science Bldg.1 (center) 1043
講義使用言語 Language:日本語/英語 Japanese/English
35603-0106
宇宙論I
Cosmology I
大内 正己
OUCHI, Masami
S1S2 火曜4限
Tue 4th
観測的宇宙論:宇宙進化 Observational Cosmology: Evolution of the Universe

ビッグバン宇宙論により、人類は極小の初期宇宙から、膨張を経て現在の宇宙になるまでの宇宙史の概略について統一的な描像を得ることができた。一方で、宇宙の晴れ上がり以降は、暗黒時代、初代星形成、重元素合成、宇宙再電離などを経て、現在見られる多様な宇宙へと進化してきた。このような宇宙進化は、複雑なバリオン物理が関与しているため、基本的なビッグバン宇宙論の枠組みだけでは扱えないばかりか、理論モデルだけで理解することは難しい。しかしながら、近年の光赤外線や電波、紫外線、X線、γ線などによる高精度観測によって、宇宙138億年の歴史のうち最初の数億年を除く全ての時代に対して観測研究が行われ、宇宙進化の全容が明かされつつある。本講義では、最新の宇宙観測の手法について解説しながら、宇宙進化の中で鍵となる銀河形成を軸にして、宇宙進化を概観する。さらに初期宇宙において銀河形成と密接な関わりをもつ宇宙再電離についても講義し、観測研究のフロンティアを紹介する。また同時に、これらの研究によって新たに現れた疑問についても議論する。最後に次世代大型望遠鏡の計画と今後発展が期待される観測研究についても解説する予定である。  本講義では、基礎的な宇宙論の考え方を前提とするため、履修者は学部学生向け宇宙論(0520022)の講義の履修もしくは同等の知識を持つことが望ましい。しかし、基礎的な考え方についてもしっかりと解説し、宇宙論の基礎知識がない学生でも理解できる形にしたい。 The Big Bang cosmology has provided the unified picture of the cosmic history, from the early universe to the present-day universe via cosmic expansion. After the cosmic photon decoupling, the universe passes the epochs of cosmic dark age, first-star formation, heavy-element nucleosynthesis, cosmic reionization, and evolves into the diverse universe found to date. Because these evolutionary processes involve complex baryon physics that is not covered by the fundamental Big Bang theory, one cannot understand the evolution with the Big Bang theory alone. However, recent optical near-infrared, radio, ultra-violet, X-ray, and γ-ray observations allow us to investigate the whole epoch of the 13.8-Gyr long cosmic history except the first few hundred Myr, and to be uncovering the full breadth of the cosmic evolution. In this series of the lectures, I explain the methods of the deep universe observations with the state-of-the-art instruments, and present the evolution of the universe known to date with the focus of galaxy formation that is key for understanding the cosmic evolution. Moreover, I introduce cosmic reionization that has a strong connection with galaxy formation in the early epoch of the universe, and show the frontier of the observational studies. I also discuss the open questions that are newly raised by the deep observations. At the end of this lecture series, I introduce the next generation telescope projects and observational programs that are expected to achieve further growth in this study field.

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 本郷その他(学内等) 1220号室
講義使用言語 Language:日本語/英語 Japanese/English
5122400
Global Governance
Global Governance
TIBERGHIEN Yves
TIBERGHIEN Yves
A1A2 集中
Intensive 

Purpose of this course is obtaining a solid understanding and some critical skills at five levels: 1. The theoretical dilemmas of global governance in the current age; 2. The ability to unpack the process of creating global governance (comparing different arenas) 3. The ability to develop a pathway to analyze and solve governance problems; 4. A better empirical understanding of the particular historical juncture of our current period in a larger comparative perspective with a focus on the interplay between the US, the EU, Japan, and large emerging powers (China, India, Brazil) among others. 5. And empirical knowledge on four issue areas: global finance, climate change, and biosafety from the perspective of global governance, and a changing balance of power

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 国際学術総合研究棟 SMBC Academia Hall International Academic Research Bldg. SMBC Academia Hall
講義使用言語 Language:英語 English
35603-0092
宇宙物理学
Space Physics and Astrophysics
馬場 彩
BAMBA Aya
S1S2 金曜2限
Fri 2nd

本授業では、天体や宇宙の特性を、学部で学習した力学・電磁気学・相対論などを用いることで物理的に理解することを目的とする。対象は恒星や銀河、中性子星やブラックホール、ビッグバン宇宙と、その中での物質・元素進化である。どのように天体や宇宙を観測することで、宇宙の物理的描像につながるかも議論する。 This course aims at astrophysics: understanding the celestial objects and our universe with basic physics, such as dynamics, electro-magnetic theory, and relativistic theory. Main topics are stars in various stages, galaxies, neutron stars and black-holes, and chemical evolution of the universe. We also discuss how to observe these objects for the physical understanding.

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 理学部1号館西棟 理学部1号館207号講義室
講義使用言語 Language:日本語 Japanese
35616-1052
磁気圏物理学II
Physics of Magnetosphere II
齋藤 義文
SAITO,Yoshifumi
A1A2 木曜3限
Thu 3rd
プラズマ粒子計測の手法とその応用 Methods and Applications of Space Plasma Measurements

人工衛星・観測ロケット搭載用の様々なプラズマ粒子計測装置の原理について解説した後、地球・水星・木星など磁場を持つ惑星の磁気圏や月など磁場を持たない天体の周辺空間の構造・ダイナミクス・太陽風との相互作用について、実際の観測例を元に解説し未解決の現象について議論する。 (Interaction between the solar wind and a solar system object varies largely according to the object's properties, such as the existence of a global intrinsic magnetic field and/or thick atmosphere. Recent knowledge on the structure/dynamics of the magnetized planets’ magnetosphere and plasma environment around non-magnetized bodies based on the plasma data obtained by spacecraft and /or sounding rockets as well as the instrumentation for plasma measurements are the main topics of this lecture.)

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 理学部1号館中央棟 851 Faculty of Science Bldg.1 (center) 851
講義使用言語 Language:日本語/英語 Japanese/English
31D350-0410A
Special Lecture on Global Society II
Special Lecture on Global Society II
ジロドウ イザベル
GIRAUDOU ISABELLE
A1A2 金曜1限
Fri 1st
At the Science-Technology-Society Interface : For a New Understanding of Environmental Regulation in the Anthropocene

Seeking to build bridges between disciplines that do not ordinarily meet each other in the undergraduate curriculum, this course examines how science and technology interact with international, domestic, and transnational law & policy frameworks. It focuses on pressing issues in which earth and environmental sciences, biotechnology, and geoengineering increasingly link up with environmental regulation. Drawing on short lectures, case studies, scenario analysis and role-play simulations, we will examine : 1) the extent to which recent shifts in the scientific understanding of ecosystems challenge existing environmental law and policy, and urge for the development of bio- or ecocentric regulatory frameworks; 2) how emerging technologies, developed to address resource or energy problems but which often raise special concern regarding environmental protection, are/could be regulated. Through the course, we will explore from a critical perspective two main themes: 1) the co-production of natural and social orders at the macro-scale of global science and technology policy; 2) the integration of disciplinary knowledge, with a focus on the complex relationships between law and knowledge about global environmental change.

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 21KOMCEE West K401 21 KOMCEE West Room K401
講義使用言語 Language:英語 English
31M350-0410A
Special Lecture on Global Society II
Special Lecture on Global Society II
ジロドウ イザベル
GIRAUDOU ISABELLE
A1A2 金曜1限
Fri 1st
At the Science-Technology-Society Interface : For a New Understanding of Environmental Regulation in the Anthropocene

Seeking to build bridges between disciplines that do not ordinarily meet each other in the undergraduate curriculum, this course examines how science and technology interact with international, domestic, and transnational law & policy frameworks. It focuses on pressing issues in which earth and environmental sciences, biotechnology, and geoengineering increasingly link up with environmental regulation. Drawing on short lectures, case studies, scenario analysis and role-play simulations, we will examine : 1) the extent to which recent shifts in the scientific understanding of ecosystems challenge existing environmental law and policy, and urge for the development of bio- or ecocentric regulatory frameworks; 2) how emerging technologies, developed to address resource or energy problems but which often raise special concern regarding environmental protection, are/could be regulated. Through the course, we will explore from a critical perspective two main themes: 1) the co-production of natural and social orders at the macro-scale of global science and technology policy; 2) the integration of disciplinary knowledge, with a focus on the complex relationships between law and knowledge about global environmental change.

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 21KOMCEE West K401 21 KOMCEE West Room K401
講義使用言語 Language:英語 English
31D360-0030A
Foundations of Environmental Sciences III
Foundations of Environmental Sciences III
ジロドウ イザベル
GIRAUDOU ISABELLE
A1A2 金曜1限
Fri 1st
At the Science-Technology-Society Interface : For a New Understanding of Environmental Regulation in the Anthropocene

Seeking to build bridges between disciplines that do not ordinarily meet each other in the undergraduate curriculum, this course examines how science and technology interact with international, domestic, and transnational law & policy frameworks. It focuses on pressing issues in which earth and environmental sciences, biotechnology, and geoengineering increasingly link up with environmental regulation. Drawing on short lectures, case studies, scenario analysis and role-play simulations, we will examine : 1) the extent to which recent shifts in the scientific understanding of ecosystems challenge existing environmental law and policy, and urge for the development of bio- or ecocentric regulatory frameworks; 2) how emerging technologies, developed to address resource or energy problems but which often raise special concern regarding environmental protection, are/could be regulated. Through the course, we will explore from a critical perspective two main themes: 1) the co-production of natural and social orders at the macro-scale of global science and technology policy; 2) the integration of disciplinary knowledge, with a focus on the complex relationships between law and knowledge about global environmental change.

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 21KOMCEE West K401 21 KOMCEE West Room K401
講義使用言語 Language:英語 English
31M360-0030A
Foundations of Environmental Sciences III
Foundations of Environmental Sciences III
ジロドウ イザベル
GIRAUDOU ISABELLE
A1A2 金曜1限
Fri 1st
At the Science-Technology-Society Interface : For a New Understanding of Environmental Regulation in the Anthropocene

Seeking to build bridges between disciplines that do not ordinarily meet each other in the undergraduate curriculum, this course examines how science and technology interact with international, domestic, and transnational law & policy frameworks. It focuses on pressing issues in which earth and environmental sciences, biotechnology, and geoengineering increasingly link up with environmental regulation. Drawing on short lectures, case studies, scenario analysis and role-play simulations, we will examine : 1) the extent to which recent shifts in the scientific understanding of ecosystems challenge existing environmental law and policy, and urge for the development of bio- or ecocentric regulatory frameworks; 2) how emerging technologies, developed to address resource or energy problems but which often raise special concern regarding environmental protection, are/could be regulated. Through the course, we will explore from a critical perspective two main themes: 1) the co-production of natural and social orders at the macro-scale of global science and technology policy; 2) the integration of disciplinary knowledge, with a focus on the complex relationships between law and knowledge about global environmental change.

単位 Credit:2
他学部 Other Faculty:可 YES
教室 Room: 21KOMCEE West K401 21 KOMCEE West Room K401
講義使用言語 Language:英語 English

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